Thoroughly wash 1 lemon (including the rind) under cool, running, drinkable water.
Mince 1 anchovy and grate 1 clove of garlic on a microplane.
In the base of a large salad bowl, combine the minced anchovy, the grated garlic, 2 tablespoons of lemon juice, 2 tablespoons of Dijon mustard, and 2 tablespoons of mayonnaise. Mix well to combine.
Slowly drizzle in the ⅓ cup of extra-virgin olive oil while whisking to emulsify.
Thoroughly wash 20 leaves of Lacinato kaleunder cool, running, drinkable water.Remove the center stem from the kale leaves. Slice the kale very thin. Add to the salad bowl and toss to combine with the dressing.